Back in October 2016, a certain headline in Pakistan blared and shook the world. A man diagnosed with schizophrenia committed a murder and was given a court order of execution. The Pakistan Supreme Court declared schizophrenia as ‘not a mental disorder’ henceforth leading to a flurry of criticism from across the globe.
This very notion by the highest court in Pakistan reflects how ignorant we are as a nation towards mental illnesses. Whether it is depression or severe schizophrenia, mental illnesses are considered imaginary in Pakistan.
However, schizophrenia is not an illness that can be taken lightly and it definitely is a mental disorder. Hate to break it to you, Supreme Court of Pakistan.
What Causes Schizophrenia?
The case percentage of schizophrenics has been rising steadily and while the root cause is a mystery, the disease is multifactorial. Genes can play a part as well as environmental factors. On a biological level, the brain of a schizophrenic is markedly different than a normal person. An imbalance in certain neurotransmitters is classic in schizophrenics.
What Happens in Schizophrenia?
Patients of this mental disorder suffer from a variety of different psychological symptoms. Hallucinations (usually auditory but sometimes visual) are a common finding in these patients. Schizophrenics are also characteristically paranoid and delusional. They are apathetic and do not engage in social activities. Some patients might also suffer from memory disorders.
How is Schizophrenia Treated?
While no cure exists for schizophrenia, the symptoms can be lessened by both therapy and medical intervention. Antipsychotics are usually prescribed by the doctor to help relieve the severe psychological symptoms of schizophrenia.